Thursday, April 20, 2017

Fake sugar

"The Oklahoma City Bombing After 22 Years".

"The Watergate Style Break In That Covered Up Shocking Wave Of Clinton State Department Scandals".  Theft of some computers, leaving other valuables behind, from a small law office that just happened to be representing a State Department whistle blower when Killary was Secretary of State.

"Maxine Waters Loses Her Mind to “Anti-Russia Dementia” – Like the Rest of the Black Caucus".  "It's time for Democrats to drop the Russia 'shtick'".

"Erdogan’s Neo-Fascist Turkish Allies".

"Who's coming to dinner in New Zealand?".

"The Mélenchon Factor".  Voters are striking out against the power structure all over the West, and the key is giving them a decent anti-establishment choice.  Americans had a similar chance, but lost it when the Clintonistas shivved Bernie.  Mélenchon is a shockingly good candidate, a 'skeptic' who wants to pull out of NATO.

"Experts Warn That Trump's Lies About North Korea Hurt America's Credibility".  The failed Trump bluff shows he was never serious about North Korea.

"West does not want to investigate incident in Idlib, Russian diplomat says".

"US, Iraq Trying to Quash Coverage of ISIS Chemical Attacks".  "Head games? ISIS touts chemical weapons attacks, but Iraqis, US play it down".

"The Story of How Fake Sugar Got Approved is Scary As Hell":
"Aspartame was discovered at GD Searle, a Chicago drug company, in the 1960s. The FDA first approved it in 1974, but an FDA scientist at the time, Adrian Gross, discovered that there were serious shortcomings in all 15 long-term studies that Searle submitted for review. For example, some rats in the studies died but were not autopsied after to discern the cause; in other cases, the aspartame was not mixed well enough into the feed and the rats were eating around it. There was also evidence of brain tumors in the rats in several studies.

Gross's findings, along with pressure from other scientists, resulted in a public board of inquiry in early 1980 consisting of three independent scientists who reviewed the data and voted to withhold approval because they "did not believe Searle's studies conclusively showed aspartame did not cause brain tumors." 

At the time, Donald Rumsfeld was the CEO of Searle. He was also on the transition team for Ronald Reagan, who was inaugurated in 1981. After the inauguration, Searle re-applied to the FDA for approval, at which point Reagan fired the FDA commissioner and replaced him with Arthur Hayes Hull, Jr., who re-approved aspartame for dry products.

Aspartame quickly flooded the market, and two years later was also approved for use in liquids. Soon after, Hull left the FDA and took a job with Burson Marsteller, the PR firm for Searle. Meanwhile, Searle (which Monsanto purchased in 1985) made billions and Rumsfeld, of course, later became the Secretary of Defense under George W. Bush. (For more on this history, check out the 60 Minutes segment from 1996 and the Times article from 2006.)

Many of those Searle studies that Gross questioned are now lumped into the data that says aspartame is safe. And though the question of aspartame causing brain tumors has largely been dismissed over the years, there hasn't been much new data on the subject. In fact, a 1987 General Accounting Office report states that 28 out of 69 scientists said more research was needed in the areas of "neurological functions, brain tumors, seizures, headaches, and adverse effects on children and pregnant women." Nonetheless, the report added, research was ongoing in all areas except brain tumors. What's more, the FDA dissuaded the National Toxicology Program (NTP) from doing further cancer research on aspartame. As the founder of the NTP, David Rall, put it, "It's a wonderful way to ensure that it isn't tested—discourage the testing group from testing it and then say it's safe.""
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